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侦测离开Form进入其他程式

(加入日期: 2002-01-30 )

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虽然Form有Activate与DeActivate的Events,但是这两个Events只对form的Focus是在  
同一个Process不同Form之间的切换有效,如果我们在Form1,而Click其他的Process,  
则Form1并不会产生DeActivate的Events,相同的,由其他的Process 回到Form1时,也  
不会产生Activate的Events。唯一能得知的便是透过WM_ACTIVATE,其LowWord of wParam  
有以下叁个值:  
  WA_ACTIVE       Activated by some method other than a mouse click  
  WA_CLICKACTIVE  Activated by a mouse click.  
  WA_INACTIVE     Deactivated  
透过Subclassing的技巧便可来解决这个问题  

'以下在.bas  
Option Explicit  

Declare Function SetWindowLong Lib "user32" Alias "SetWindowLongA" _  
  (ByVal hwnd As Long, ByVal nIndex As Long, ByVal dwNewLong As Long) As Long  
Declare Function GetWindowLong Lib "user32" Alias "GetWindowLongA" _  
  (ByVal hwnd As Long, ByVal nIndex As Long) As Long  
Declare Function CallWindowProc Lib "user32" Alias "CallWindowProcA" _  
  (ByVal lpPrevWndFunc As Long, ByVal hwnd As Long, ByVal Msg As Long, _  
   ByVal wParam As Long, ByVal lParam As Long) As Long  

Public Const GWL_WNDPROC = (-4)  
Public Const WM_ACTIVATE = &H6  
Public Const WA_ACTIVE = 1  
Public Const WA_CLICKACTIVE = 2  
Public Const WA_INACTIVE = 0  


Public preWinProc As Long  

Public Function wndproc(ByVal hwnd As Long, ByVal Msg As Long, _  
                         ByVal wParam As Long, ByVal lParam As Long) As Long  
Dim fActive As Integer  
If Msg = WM_ACTIVATE Then  
    '取得wParam的LowWord  
    fActive = CInt(wParam And &HFFFF)  
    If fActive = WA_INACTIVE Then  
       Debug.Print "InActive "  
    Else  
       Debug.Print "Active"  
    End If  
End If  
'将之送往原来的Window Procedure  
wndproc = CallWindowProc(preWinProc, hwnd, Msg, wParam, lParam)  
End Function  

'以下在form  
Option Explicit  
Private Sub Form_Activate()  
Debug.Print "Event Activate"  
End Sub  

Private Sub Form_Deactivate()  
Debug.Print "Event DeActivate"  
End Sub  

Private Sub Form_Load()  
Dim ret As Long  
'记录原本的Window Procedure的位址  
preWinProc = GetWindowLong(Me.hwnd, GWL_WNDPROC)  
'设定Combo1的window Procedure到wndproc  
ret = SetWindowLong(Me.hwnd, GWL_WNDPROC, AddressOf wndproc)  
End Sub  

Private Sub Form_Unload(Cancel As Integer)  
Dim ret As Long  
'取消Message的截取,而使之又只送往原来的Window Procedure  
ret = SetWindowLong(Me.hwnd, GWL_WNDPROC, preWinProc)  
End Sub

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